Police, Treatment, and Community Collaborative (PTACC) (6/9/19)
Pre-arrest diversion programs have been operating since the 1970s, but not until recently has research started to examine the potential benefits of these programs. Most of the current work in this area has largely focused on single programs, primarily due to their local development to meet the immediate needs of the community and its members. Recent classification efforts (i.e. PTACC’s Five Pathways) have grouped programs into certain categories based on referral processes, but there are important nuances between programs that tend to preclude comparisons, especially within each of the pathways-to-treatment. Despite the lack of large-scale, multi-site evaluation efforts, there are important trends emerging from this early research on pre-arrest diversion initiatives across the US.